Publications of Dr. Shi-Kuo Chang

1. PAPERS (294 Papers in Total. An asterisk indicates a refereed journal publication, and a dollar sign indicates that the other author is the principal author)

A. Visual Languages and Image Information Systems

*A1. "A Method for the Structural Analysis of Two-Dimensional Mathematical Expressions", Information Sciences, Vol. 2, 1970, 253-272.

*A2. "Picture Processing Grammar and its Applications", Information Sciences, Vol. 3, 1971, 121-148.

*A3. "The Reconstruction of Binary Patterns from their Projections", Communications of the ACM, Vol. 14, No. 1, January 1971, 21-25.

*A4. "Automated Interpretation and Editing of Fuzzy Line Drawings", Proceedings of the Spring Joint Computer Conference, 1971, 393-399.

*A5. "A Design for an Auxiliary Associative Parallel Processor", Proceedings of the Fall Joint Computer Conference, 1972, 463-472. (with $M. Wesley and J. Mommens)

*A6. "The Computation of Window Operations on a Parallel Organized Computer - A Case Study", IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol. C-22, No. 1, January 1973, 34-40.

*A7. "The Reconstruction of Three-Dimensional Objects from Two Orthogonal Projections and its Application to Cardiac Cineangiography", IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol. C-22, No. 1, January 1973, 18-28. (with C. K. Chow)

*A8. "Algorithm 445: Binary Pattern Reconstruction from Projections", Communications of the ACM, Vol. 16, No. 3, March 1973, 185-186.

*A9. "An Interactive System for Chinese Character Generation and Retrieval", IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Vol. SMC-3, No. 3, May 1973, 257-265.

A10. "PEACE - A Phonetic Encoding and Chinese Editing System", Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Computers and Chinese Input/Output Systems, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, Republic of China, 1973, 29-47.

A11. "An Experimental System for the Recognition of Hand-Written Chinese Characters", Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Computers and Chinese Input/Output Systems, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, Republic of China, 1973, 257-267. (with Der-Her Lo)

*A12. "A Triangular Scanning Technique for Locating Boundary Curves", Journal of Computer Graphics and Image Processing, Vol. 3, 1974, 313-317.

*A13. "Three-Dimensional Object Reconstruction from Orthogonal Projections", Journal of Pattern Recognition, Vol. 7, 1975, 167-176. (with Y. R. Wang)

*A14. "Deposit-Slip First Check Reading", IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Vol. SMC-7, No. 1, January 1977, 64-68. (with G. Nagy)

A15. "An Integrated Relational Database System for Pictures", Proceedings of 1977 IEEE Workshop on Picture Data Description and Management, Chicago, Illinois, April 21-22, 1977, 142-149. (with J. Reuss and B. H. McCormick)

*A16. "Design Considerations of a Pictorial Database System", International Journal on Policy Analysis and Information Systems, Vol. 1, No. 2, January 1978, 49-70. (with J. Reuss and B. H. McCormick)

A17. "Encoding Techniques for Efficient Similarity Retrieval From Pictorial Database", Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Pattern Recognition and Image Processing, Chicago, Illinois, May 31-June 2, 1978, 422-426. (with $C. C. Yang)

*A18. "Optimal Histogram Matching by Monotone Gray Level Transformation", Communications of the A.C.M., October 1978, 835-840. (with Y. Wong)

*A19. "A Generalized Zooming Technique For Pictorial Database Systems", Proceedings of National Computer Conference, June 1979, 147-156. (with B. S. Lin and R. Walser)

A20. "Picture Algebra For Interface With Pictorial Database Systems", Proceedings of COMPSAC 79, November 6-8, 1979, Chicago, 525-530. (with $B. S. Lin)

A21. "A Heuristic Method For Generalized Hypercube Encoding", Proceedings of COMPSAC 79, November 6-8, 1979, Chicago, 531-534. (with $Kusum K. Singh and C. C. Yang)

*A22. "Picture Paging for Efficient Image Processing", in Pictorial Information Systems, (Edited by S. K. Chang and K. S. Fu), Springer-Verlag, 1980, 228-256. (with $J. Reuss and B. H. McCormick)

*A23. "Convex Polygons, Hypercubes, and Encoding Techniques", in Pictorial Information Systems, (Edited by S. K. Chang and K. S. Fu), Springer-Verlag, 1980, 75-85. (with $C. C. Yang)

*A24. "Ln Norm Optimal Histogram Matching and Application to Similarity Retrieval", Journal of Computer Graphics and Image Processing, Vol. 13, 361-371, 1980. (with Y. Wong)

A25. "GRAIN - A Pictorial Database Interface", Proceedings of 1980 IEEE PDDM Workshop, August 27-29, 1980, 83-88. (with $B. S. Lin)

A26. "Picture Covering by 2-D AH Encoding", Proceedings of IEEE Workshop on Computer Architecture for Pattern Analysis and Image Database Management, Hot Springs, Virginia, November 11-13, 1981, 76-87. (with $S. H. Liu)

*A27. "Pictorial Database Systems", IEEE Computer Magazine Special Issue on Pictorial Information Systems, Edited by S. K. Chang, November 1981, 13-21.

*A28. "A Methodology for Picture Indexing and Encoding", Picture Engineering, (K. S. Fu and K. L. Kunii, Eds.), Springer Verlag, Berlin 1982, 33-53.

*A29. "Picture Indexing and Abstraction Techniques for Pictorial Databases", IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, July 1984, 475-484. (with S. H. Liu)

*A30. "Picture Information Measures for Similarity Retrieval", Journal of Computer Vision, Graphics and Image Processing, Academic Press, Vol. 23, 366-375, 1983. (with C. C. Yang)

A31. "Encoding Techniques for a Pictorial Database", in Statistical Signal Processing (E. J. Wegman and J. G. Smith, Eds.), Marcel-Dekker Inc., New York and Basel, 1984, 461-470. (with C. C. Yang)

*A32. "Picture Information Measures", International Journal of Policy and Information, Tamkang University, Taiwan, Vol. 10, No. 1, June 1986, 1-16. (with $Howard Silver)

*A33. "Image Information Measures and Encoding Techniques", in Digital Image Analysis, (S. Levialdi, Ed.), Pitman Books, Ltd., 1984, 1-17.

A34. "An Automatic Database Generator in a Medical Pictorial Environment", Proceedings of COMPSAC, Chicago, November 10-12, 1983. (with $G. Stefanek)

*A35. "An Image Processing Language with Icon-Assisted Navigation", IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Vol. SE-11, No. 8, August 1985, 811-819. (with E. Jungert, S. Levialdi, G. Tortora, and T. Ichikawa)

A36. "Software Design for Image Information Systems", Proceedings of IEEE EASCOM Conference, September 19-21, 1983, 115-120. (with Igor Jurkevich, Allen Petty, and Chung-Chun Yang)

A37. "Detecting Potential Ship Objects from Satellite Pictures", Proceedings of IEEE Workshop on Visual Languages, Hiroshima, Japan, December 1984. (with $Bingwei Luo, C. C. Yang and Mark C. Yang)

*A38. "Trace Confirmation with Given Object Position", International Journal of Computer and Information Sciences, Vol. 14, No. 6, December 1985, 439-453. (with Bingwei Luo, C. C. Yang and Marck C. Yang)

A39. "Interpretation and Construction of Icons for Man-Machine Interface in an Image Information System", IEEE Proceedings of Languages for Automation, Nov. 1-3, 1984, 38-45. (with O. Clarisse)

*A40. "Image Information Systems", Special Issue of the Proceedings of the IEEE on Visual Communications Systems, Vol. 73, No. 4, April 1985, 754-764.

*A41. "Image Database Systems", in Handbook of Pattern Recognition and Image Processing, (T. Y. Young and K. S. Fu, Eds.), Academic Press, 1986, 371-393.

A42. "An Icon Manager in Lisp", Proceedings of 1985 IEEE Workshop on Languages for Automation, Mallorca, Spain, June 28-29, 1985, 116-131. (with $O. Clarisse)

*A43. "Icon Semantics - A Formal Approach to Icon System Design", International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 1, No. 1, 103-120, 1987.

*A44. "A Spatial Knowledge Structure for Image Information Systems using Symbolic Projections", in Visual Languages and Applications, (R. Korfhage et. al., eds.), Plenum 1990, 277-304. (with E. Jungert)

A45. "Picture Information Measure and its Applications in Pictorial Database Management", Technical Report, Naval Research Laboratory 9004, October 8, 1986. (with C. Y. Hsieh and C. C. Yang)

*A46. "VICON - A Visual Icon Manager", in Visual Languages, (S. K. Chang, Ed.), Plenum Publishing Company, 1986, 151-190. (with $O. Clarisse)

*A47. "Visual Languages: A Tutorial and Survey", IEEE Software Magazine, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1987, 29-39.

*A48. "Iconic Indexing by 2D Strings", IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. PAMI-9, No. 3, May 1987, 413-428. (with Q. Shi and C. Yan)

*A49. "Icon Purity - Toward a Formal Theory of Icons", International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 1, No. 3&4, 1987, 377-392. (with G. Tortora, A. Guercio and Bing Yu)

*A50. "Coding Gray Level and Binary Image Data: Image Data Compression", in Encyclopedia of Microcomputers (A. Kent and J. G. Williams, eds.), Marcel Dekker, New York, 1988, 340-382. (with J. K. Wu)

*A51. "The SIL-ICON Compiler - An Icon-Oriented System Generator", International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 2, No. 2, June 1988, 241-273. (with M. Tauber, B. Yu and J. S. Yu)

*A52. "Pyramidal Algorithms for Iconic Indexing", Int' Journal of Computer Vision, Graphics and Image Processing, 1990. (with $G. Tortora, G. Costagliola and T. Arndt)

*A53. "An Intelligent Image Database System", IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Special Issue on Image Database, May 1988, 681-688. (with C. W. Yan, T. Arndt and D. Dimitroff)

*A54. "A Visual Language Compiler", IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, May 1989, 506-525. (with M. Tauber, B. Yu and J. S. Yu)

A55. "Representation of Multi-resolution Symbolic/Binary Pictures using 2DH Strings", Proceedings of 1988 IEEE Workshop on Languages for Automation, College Park, Maryland, August 29-31 1988, 190-195. (with Y. Li)

A56. "A Tree Systems Inference Algorithm for an Iconic Environment", Proceedings of 1988 IEEE Workshop on Visual Languages, Pittsburgh, October 1988, 61-67. (with $Angela Guercio)

A57. "Theory of Icons and its Implications to Chinese Information Processing", Proceedings of 1988 International Conference on Computer Processing of Chinese and Oriental Languages, Toronto, Canada, August 30-Sept. 1, 1988, 3-8.

A58. "An Algebra for Symbolic Image Manipulation and Transformation", in Visual Database Systems, (T. L. Kunii, ed.), North-Holland, 1989, 301-317. (with $E. Jungert)

A59. "Representation of 3D Symbolic and Binary Pictures using 3D Strings", Intelligent Image Database Systems, (S. K. Chang, E. Jungert and G. Tortora, eds.), World Scientific Pub. Co., 1996, 71-86. (with Y. Li)

A60. "Representation and Retrieval of Symbolic Pictures using Generalized 2D Strings", SPIE Proceedings of Visual Communications and Image Processing Conference, Philadelphia, PA, November 5-10, 1989, 1360-1372. (with E. Jungert and Y. Li)

A61. "Visual Languages for Human-Machine Interaction", Proceedings of 1988 IEEE Workshop on Languages for Automation, College Park, Maryland, August 29-31, 1988, pp. 162.

A62. "The Design of a Visual Language Compiler", Proceedings of 1988 IEEE Workshop on Visual Languages, Pittsburgh, October 1988, 84-91.

A63. "Image Sequence Compression by Iconic Indexing", Proceedings of 1989 IEEE Workshop on Visual Languages, Rome, Italy, October 4-6, 1989, 177-182. (with $T. Arndt)

*A64. "Pictorial Data Management Based Upon the Theory of Symbolic Projections", Journal of Visual Languages and Computing, Vol. 2, No. 3, September 1991, 195-215. (with E. Jungert)

*A65. "Visual Reasoning for Information Retrieval from Very Large Databases", International Journal of Visual Languages & Computing, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1990, 41-58.

*A66. "A Visual Language Compiler for Information Retrieval by Visual Reasoning", IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Special Section on Visual Programming, 1990, 1136-1149.

A67. "Intelligent Database Retrieval by Visual Reasoning", 1990 IEEE COMPSAC Conference, Chicago, October 1990, 459-464. (with Y. Deng)

A68. "A Fuzzy Visual Language Compiler", 1990 IEEE Workshop on Visual Languages, Chicago, October 1990, 162-167. (with B. Yu)

A69. "Parsing 2-D Languages with Positional Grammars", Proc. of Second International Workshop on Parsing Technologies, Published by M. Tomita, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, February 13-15, 1991, Cancun, Mexico, 235-243. (with $G. Costagliola)

A70. "A HyperNet Model for Large Hypertext Systems", Proceedings of Second International Symposium on Database Systems for Advanced Applications (DASFAA'91), Tokyo, Japan, April 2-4, 1991, World Scientific Pub. Co., 484-490. (with $Y. Deng)

A71. "Visualization of Image from 2-D Strings Using Visual Reasoning", Proc. of SPIE Visual Communications and Image Processing Conference, April 1991, Orlando, Florida. (with $X. R. Li)

A72. "The Sigma-Tree - A Symbolic Spatial Data Model", Proceedings of Pattern Recognition Conference, Hague, 29-31, August, 1992, 461-465. (with $E. Jungert)

*A73. "An Image Algebra for Pictorial Data Manipulation", CVGIP: Image Understanding, Vol. 58, No. 2, September 1993, 147-160. (with $E. Jungert)

A74. "Representing and Retrieving Symbolic Pictures by Spatial Relations", Proceedings of 2nd IFIP Conference on Visual Databases, Budapest, Hungary, Sept. 30 - Oct. 2, 1991, 49-59. (with $G. Costagliola, M. Tucci)

A75. "A Generalized Parser for 2-D Languages", Proceedings of 1991 IEEE Visual Languages Workshop, Kobe, Japan, Oct. 9-11, 1991, 98-104. (with G. Costagliola, M. Tomita)

A76. "A 2D-String Matching Algorithm for Conceptual Pictorial Queries", Proc. of SPIE/IS&T 1992 Symposium on Electronic Image: Science and Technology (Conf. 1662 Image Storage and Retrieval Systems), Feb 10-14, 1992, San Jose, California, 47-58. (with C. M. Lee, C. R. Dow)

*A77. "A Remark on NP-Completeness of Picture Matching", Information Processing Letters, North-Holand, Elsevier Science Publishers, 39, 13 September 1991, 241-243. (with $M. Tucci and G. Costagliola)

*A78. "Visual Language System for User Interfaces", IEEE Software Magazine, March 1995, 33-44. (with G. Costagliola, J. Pacini, G. Tortora, M. Tucci, B. Yu and J. Yu)

A79. "A Framework for Intelligent Visual Interface Design for Database Systems", Proceedings of the International Workshop on Interfaces to Database Systems (IDS92), University of Glasgow, Scotland, July 1-3, 1992, Springer-Verlag, 377-391. (with M. F. Costabile and S. Levialdi)

A80. "A Visual Optimization Specification Language", Proceedings of AVI'92, Advanced Visual Interfaces Workshop, Rome, Italy, May 27-29, 1992, World Scientific Series in Computer Science, Vol. 36, World Scientific Press, 289-303. (with $C. R. Dow and M. L. Soffa)

A81. "Parsing 2D Languages by a Pictorial GLR Parser", Proceedings of AVI'92, Advanced Visual Interfaces Workshop, Rome, Italy, May 27-29, 1992, World Scientific Series in Computer Science, Vol. 36, World Scientific Press, 319-333. (with $G. Costagliola and M. Tomita)

A82. "A Methodology for Iconic Language Design with Applications to Augmentative Communications", Proceedings of IEEE Workshop on Visual Languages (VL92), Seattle, September 1992, 110-116. (with G. Costagliola, S. Orefice, G. Polese and B. Baker)

A83. "A 2D Interactive Parser for Iconic Languages", Proceedings of IEEE Workshop on Visual Languages (VL92), Seattle, September 1992, 207-213. (with $G. Costagliola, S. Orefice, M. Tucci, G. Tortora and G. Polese)

A84. "A Visualization System for Parallelized Programs", Proceedings of Supercomputing 92, November 16-20, 1992, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 194-203. (with $C. R. Dow and Mary Lou Soffa)

A85. "A Unified Framework Providing Multi-Paradigm Visual Access to Databases", Second International Computer Science Conference (ICSS92), Hong Kong, Dec 13-16, 1992, 196-202. (with $T. Catarci and G. Santucci)

*A86. "Image Information Systems: Where Do We Go From Here?" IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, October 1992 Special Issue Celebrating the 40th Anniversary of the Computer Society, 431-442. (with A. Hsu)

*A87. "A Graph-Based Framework for Multiparadigmatic Visual Access to Databases", IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 3, June 1996, 455-475. (with $T. Catarci, M. F. Costabile, S. Levialdi, G. Santucci)

*A88. "Parsing Linear Pictorial Languages by Syntax-Directed Scanning", Languages of Design Journal, Elsevier, Vol. 2, No. 3, Oct 1994, 223-242. (with $G. Costagliola)

*A89. "Smart Image Design for Large Image Databases", Journal of Visual Languages and Computing, Vol. 3, No. 4, December 1992, 323-342. (with T. Y. Hou and A. Hsu)

A90. "A Software System for the Visualization of Parallelizing Programs", 1992 International Computer Symposium, Taichung, Taiwan, Dec 13-15, 1992, 768-775. (With $C. R. Dow and M. L. Soffa)

*A91. "A Methodology and Interactive Environment for Iconic Language Design", the International Journal of Human-Computer Studies (IJHCS), 41, 1994, 683-716. (with S. Orefice, M. Tucci and G. Polese)

A92. "Deriving the Meaning of Iconic Sentences for Augmentative Communication", Proc. of VL93, Bergen, Norway, August 1993, 267-274. (with S. Orefice, G. Polese and B. R. Baker) ("An Iconic Language Design Environment for Augmentative Communication", ISAAC'94 Conference Book and Proceedings, (Mo228 2.2tp), October 1994, 108-110. (with G. Polese, A. F. Abate and B. R. Baker)

A93. "An Iconic Query System with Intensional Feedback Capabilities", Proc. of VL93, Bergen, Norway, August 1993, 386-388. (with $A. Massari and S. Pavani)

*A94. "Query Representation and Management in a Multiparadigmatic Visual Query Environment", Advances in Visual Information Management Systems, Journal of Intelligent Information Systems, 3, 1994, 299-330. (with $T. Catarci and G. Santucci)

A95. "Visual Transformation Specifications", in Software Visualization, (Peter Eades and Kang Zhang, Eds.), World Scientific Pub. Co., 1996, 141-162. (with $C. R. Dow and M. L. Soffa)

A96. "An Efficient Technique to Remove Transformations", International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Systems, IEEE Computer Society, 1994, 392-397. (with $C. R. Dow and M. L. Soffa)

A97. "An Active Multimedia System for Delayed Conferencing", Proceedings of SPIE Conf. on High-Speed Networking and Multimedia Computing, San Jose, Feb. 6-10, 1994, 97-104. (with $T. Hou, A. Hsu, M. Chiu, H. Chang)

A98. "Undoing Code Transformations in an Independent Order," Proceedings of International Conference on Parallel Processing (ICPP'94), Vol. II, Software (K. C. Tai, Ed.), CRC Press, Inc., ISBN 0-8493-2494-7, August 1994, 108-115. (with $C. R. Dow and M. L. Soffa)

A99. "Tele-Action Objects for an Active Multimedia System", Proc. of Second International IEEE Conf. on Multimedia Computing and Systems, May 15-18, 1995, Washington, D.C., 106-113. (with $H. Chang, T. Hou, and A. Hsu)

A100. "Ten Years of Visual Language Research", Proceedings of 1994 IEEE VL Symposium, St. Louis, October 4-7, 1994, 196-205. (with T. Ichikawa, R. Korfhage and S. Levialdi)

A101. "Iconic Language Design for People with Significant Speech and Multiple Impairments", Proceedings of ASSETS'94, First International Conf. on Assistive Technologies, Marina del Rey, California, Oct. 31-Nov 1, 1994, 23-30. (with $P. Albacete, G. Polese and B. Baker)

A102. "Towards Multidimensional Languages", Proc. of International Conference on Visual Information Systems VISUAL96, February 5-7, 1996, Melbourne, Australia, 9-19.

*A103. "A Framework of a Visual Language with Dynamic Specification", Proc. of IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages, September 5-9 1995, Darmstadt, Germany, 140-147. (with $J. Miyao)

*A104. "The Management and Applications of Tele-Action Objects", ACM Journal of Multimedia Systems, Springer Verlag, Volume 3, Issue 5-6, 1995, 204-216. (with $H. Chang, T. Hou, and A. Hsu)

A105. "Visual Languages for Tele-Action Objects", in Artificial Vision: Image Description, Recognition and Communication, V. Cantoni, S. Levialdi, V. Roberto (eds.), Academic Press, 1996, 281-301.

A106. "Customized Visual Language Design", Proc. of Eighth Int'l Conference on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, June 10-12, 1996, Lake Tahoe, Nevada, 553-562. (with P. Mussio)

*A107. "Dynamic Visual Languages", Proc. of Visual Languages Symposium, Boulder, Colorado, September 3-6, 1996, 308-315.

*A108. "Extending Visual Languages for Multimedia", IEEE Multimedia Magazine, Fall 1996, Vol. 3, No. 3, 18-26.

A109. "A Unified Approach to Indexing Images in Image Databases", Proc. of 1st Int'l Workshop on Image Databases and Multimedia Search, Aug 22-23, 1996, Amsterdam, Elsevier 99-106. ($Q. L. Zhang, S. Yau)

*A110. "A Unified Approach to Iconic Indexing, Retrieval and Maintenance of Spatial Relationships in Image Databases", Special Issue on Indexing, Storage, Retrieval and Browsing of Images and Video (eds. Bed Liu and P. Panchanathan), Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation, Academic Press, Vol. 7, No. 4, December 1996, 307-324. ($Q. L. Zhang, S. Yau)

A111. "Human- and System-Directed Fusion of Multimedia and Multimodal Information using the Sigma-Tree Data Model", Proceedings of VISUAL'97. Second Int'l Conference on Visual Information Systems, San Diego, December 16-18, 1997, 21-28. (E. Jungert)

A112. "Active Visual Information Systems", in Visual Information Systems, (Clement Leung, Ed.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science Vol. 1306, Springer Verlag, 1997, 13-26.

A113. "An Experimental Result in Image Indexing using GEP-2D Strings", in Image Databases and Multimedia Search, (A. Smeulders and R. Jain, eds.), World Scientific Pub. Co., 1997, 127-146. (with $Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yau)

A114. "A Visual Language for Authorization Modeling", Proc. of 1997 IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages, Capri, Italy, Sept. 23-26, 1997, 110-118. (with G. Polese, R. Thomas and S. Das)

*A115. "Using Linear Positional Grammars for the LR Parsing of 2-D Symbolic Languages", to appear in GRAMMARS, 1999. (with $G. Costagliola)#

*A116. "A Spatial Query Language for Multiple Data Sources Based Upon Sigma-Operator Sequences", Special Issue on Distributed Heterogeneous Information Services (A. Gal and J. Mylopoulos, eds.), International Journal of Cooperative Information Systems, Vol. 7, No. 2&3, 1998, 167-186. (with E. Jungert)

A117. "Visual Tools for a Multimedia IC Development Environment (MICE)", Proceedings of IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages, Sept 1-4, 1998, Halifax, Canada, 296-303. (with $T. Arndt and A. Guercio)

A118. "On the Specification of Dynamic Visual Languages", Proceedings of IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages, Sept 1-4, 1998, Halifax, Canada, 14-21. (with $P. Bottoni, M. F. Costabile, S. Levialdi and P. Mussio)

A119, "The Design of Multimedia Languages based upon Teleaction Objects", Proc. of 1999 IEEE Int'l Conference on Multimedia Computer Systems, Florence, Italy, June 1999. ($G. Polese and G. Tortora)#

*A120. "The Sentient Map", Journal of Visual Languages and Computing, Academic Press, Vol. 11, 2000, 455-474.

A121. "Gesture-Enhanced Information Retrieval and Presentation in a Distributed Learning Environment", Proceedings of the International Conference on Multimedia (ICME'2000), New York, July 31 to August 2, 2000. (with T. H. Chen and C. S. Li)#

*A122. "The Consistency Problem on Content-based Pictorial Description in Pictorial Database Systems", Communications in Information and Systems, Internaional Press, Vol. 1, No. 2, April 2001, pp. 1-16. (with $Q. L. Zhang and S.-T. Yau)

A123. "The Sentient Map as a New Paradigm for Human-Computer Interface", Proceedings of First Int'l Conference on Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction, New Orleans, August 5-10, 2001. (with M. Zhao and X. Zou)

A124. "Multi-sensor Information Fusion by Query Refinement", Proc. of 5th Int'l Cnference on Visual Information Systems, Hsin Chu, Taiwan, March 2002, pp. 1-11. (with E. Jungert and G. Costagliola)

*A125. "Visual Authorization Modeling with Applications to Electronic Commerce", IEEE Multimedia Magazine, 2002. (with $G. Polese, R. Thomas and S. Das)

*A126. "Modeling Visual Interaction Systems through Dynamic Visual Languages", IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Vol. 32, No. 6, November 2002, 654-669. (with $P. Bottoni, F. Costabile, P. Mussio and S. Levialdi)

*A127. "Sentient Map - A New Paradigm for Visual Computing", Soft Computing Vol. 7, No. 1, November 2002, Springer-Verlag, pp. 2-8.

A128. "A Visual Shell Scripting Tool", Proc. of 2003 Int'l Conf. on Distributed Multimedia Systems, Sept. 24-26, 2003, Miami, Florida. (with $E. Tseytlin)

A129. "Querying Distributed Multimedia Databases and Data Sources for Sensor Data Fusion", IEEE Trans. on Multimedia, Vol. 6, No. 5, October 2004, 687-702. (with Gennaro Costagliola, Erland Jungert and Francesco Orciuoli)

A130. "Evolutionary Query Processing, Fusion and Visualization", Proc. of Int'l Conf. on Distributed Multimedia Systems, Sept. 20-2, 200, San Francisco. (with Weiying Dai, Stephen Hughes, Prasad S. Lakkavaram and Xin Li)

A131. "Query Morphing for Information Fusion", Proc. of IMAGE: Learning, Understanding, Information Retrieval, Medical, Cagliari, Italy, June 9-10, 2003.

A132. "An Architecture for Interactive Query Refinement in Sensor-based Information Fusion Systems", Proceedings of Int'l Conf on Distributed Multimedia Systems, San Francisco Bay, CA, Sep. 8-10, 2004, 315-321. (with $Giovanni Casella, Gennaro Costagliola, Erland Jungert, Xin Li and Tobias Horney)

A133. "Iterative Information Fusion using a Reasoner for Objects with Uninformative Belief Values", Proc. of FUSION2004, 2004. (with E. Jungert)

A134. "An Interactive Visual Query Interface for Spatial/temporal Data", Proc. of Int'l Conf. on Distributed Multimedia Systems, San Francisco Bay, CA, Sep. 8-10, 2004, 257-262. (with $X. Li)

A135. "Information Fusion using a Progressive Query Language Interactive Reasoner", Journal of Information Fusion, Elsevier Press, 2008. (with E. Jungert and X. Li)

A136. "IC Card: Visual Specification for Rapid Prototyping of Time Critical Systems", Int'l Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Vol. 17, No. 5, October 2007.

A137. Shi-Kuo Chang, Gennaro Costagliola, Erland Jungert and Karin Camara, "Intelligent Querying Techniques for Sensor Data Fusion", in Intelligent Techniques for Warehousing and Mining Data Streams, edited by Alfredo Cuzzocrea, published by IGI Global, 2009.

A138. Shi-Kuo Chang, Li-Qun Kuang, Yao Sun and Yingze Wang, "Design and Implementation of Image Analysis System by Applying Component-based Slow Intelligence System", Proc. of DMS2012 Conference, Florence, Italy, Aug. 9-11, 2012.

A139. Wen-Hui Chen and Shi-Kuo Chang, "Swimming Activity Recognition Based on Slow Intelligence Systems", Proc. of SEKE2013 Conference, Boston, USA, June 27-29, 2013.

A140. Shi-Kuo Chang1, Bin Gao1, Liqun Kuang2, Yingze Wang, "A PetCare System designed by Slow Intelligence Principles", Proc. of DMS2013 Conference, New Brighton, UK, August xxx, 2013.

A141. "User Profile Visualization to facilitate MSLIM-model-based Social Influence Analysis based upon Slow Intelligence Approach", Proceedings of 2014 International Conference on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering (SEKE 2014), Vancouver, Canada, July 1-3, 2014. (with $YingZe Wang)

A142. Shi-Kuo Chang, Wen-Hui Chen, Wen-Chyi Lin and Christopher Lee Thomas, "Application of Slow Intelligence Framework for Smart Pet Care System Design", International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Vol. 25, Nos. 9 & 10 (2015) 1429-1442, World Scientific Pub. Co., DOI: 10.1142/S0218194015400264.

A143. Shikuo Chang, Jung Kim and Hanzhong Zheng, "A Mobile Dietary and Emotional Diary System for Eating Disorder Care on the Smart Phone", Proceedings of 2018 DMSVIVA Conference, Hotel Pullman, Redwood City, San Francisco Bay, June 29-30, 2018, 65-70.

A144. Shikuo Chang, Cuiling Chen, Wei Guo and Nannan Wen, "Event-Based Data Input, Modeling and Analysis for Meditation Tracking using TDR System", Proceedings of 2018 DMSVIVA Conference, Hotel Pullman, Redwood City, San Francisco Bay, June 29-30, 2018, 71-82.

(144 Papers)

B. Database and Information Systems

B1. "Storage Allocation Techniques for Binary Search Trees", Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Computers and Chinese Input/Output Systems, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, Republic of China, 1973, 1257-1267. (with Keh-Jiann Chen)

*B2. "Parallel Generation of Binary Search Trees", IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol. C-23, No. 3, March 1974, 268-271. (with $C. K. Wong)

*B3. "Parallel Balancing of Binary Search Trees", IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol. C-23, No. 4, April 1974, 441-444.

B4. "Data Base Decomposition in a Hierarchical Computer System", Proceedings of the 1975 SIGMOD Workshop on the Management of Data: Description, Access, and Control, San Jose, California, May 14-16, 1975, 48-53.

B5. "Design Considerations of a Database System in a Clinical Network Environment", Proceedings of the National Computer Conference, New York, June 6-10, 1976, 277-286. (with M. O'Brien, J. Read, R. Borovec, W. H. Cheng, and J. S. Ke)

B6. "Intelligent Coupling of the User to Medical Information Systems", Proceedings of Third Illinois Conference on Medical Information Systems, Chicago, Illinois, November 4-5, 1976, 29-46.

*B7. "Storage Reduction through Minimal Spanning Trees and Spanning Forests", IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol. C-26, No. 5, May 1977, 425-434. (with $N. Kang, R. C. T. Lee, and C. L. Chang)

B8. "Structured Database Decomposition in the Medical Information System Environment", Proceedings of IEEE 1977 Computer Software and Applications Conference, Chicago, November 8-11, 1977, 71-79. (with W. H. Cheng)

B9. "An Approach to Data Validation and Query Translation in the Medical Information System Environment", Proceedings of IEEE 1977 Computer Software and Applications Conference, November 8-11, 1977, 197-202. (with J. S. Ke)

*B10. "Database Skeleton and its Application to Logical Database Synthesis", IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Vol. SE-4, No.1, January 1978, 18-30. (with W. H. Cheng)

*B11. "Database Skeleton and its Application to Fuzzy Query Translation", IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Vol. SE-4, No. 1, January 1978, 31-44. (with J. S. Ke)

B12. "Applications of An Ophthalmic Information System", Proceedings of Workshop on Computer Laboratory Health Care Resources, Lubbock, Texas, January 11-13, 1978, 153-169. (with $R. Walser, B. McCormick and J. Ruppel)

B13. "Computers and Education - Toward Man-Machine Symbiosis", Proceedings of International Conference on Computers and Education, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China, July 5-7, 1978, 5-15.

B14. "Queued Evaluation Net and Its Applications to Synthesizing Integrity Systems", Proceedings of First International Symposium on Policy Analysis and Information Systems, Duke University, June 28-30, 1979, 241-251. (with $W. H. Cheng)

*B15. "Translation of Fuzzy Queries for Relational Database System", IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. PAMI-1, No. 3, July 1979, 281-294. (with J. S. Ke)

*B16. "A Methodology for Structured Data Base Decomposition", IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Vol. SE-6, No. 2, March 1980, 205-218. (with W. H. Cheng)

*B17. "XQL: An Extensible Query Language Translation System", International Journal of Policy and Information, Vol. 5, No. 1., June 1981, 147-158. (with $J. S. Ke et. al.)

*B18. "Concatenated Hash Code Selection", International Journal of Computer and Information Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 5, 1984, 395-412. (with J. C. Dorng)

*B19. "File Allocation in a Distributed Database", International Journal of Computer and Information Sciences, Volume 11, Number 5, October 1982, 325-340. (with A. C. Liu)

B20. "Database Alerters for Knowledge Management", Proceedings of NASA Workshop on Self-Describing Data Structures, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, October 27-28, 1982, 159-177.

B21. "Evolution of a Query Translation System", Proceedings of ACM Conference, 1981, ACM 0-89791-064-8/81/0500-0035, 35-41. (with $J. S. Ke)

*B22. "Database Alerting Techniques for Office Activities Management", IEEE Transactions on Communications, Vol. COM-30, No. 1, January 1982, 74-81. (with $J. M. Chang)

*B23. "A Model For Information Exchange", International Journal of Policy Analysis and Information Systems, Vol. 5, No. 2, June 1981, 67-93.

*B24. "A Promising Approach to Distributed Query Processing", Proceedings of the Sixth Berkeley Workshop on Distributed Database Systems and Computer Networks, February 1982, 363-390. (with $C. T. Yu, K. Lam, C. C. Chang)

B25. "IRAIN - An Instructional Relational Database System Designed for Small Computer System", Proceedings of the Fifth Symposium on Small Systems, Colorado Springs, August 2-3, 1982, 82-86. (with $A. C. Liu)

B26. "Site Selection in Distributed Query Processing", Proceedings of Third International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems, Miami, Florida, October 18-22, 1982. (with $A. C. Liu)

*B27. "Office Information System Design", in Management and Office Information Systems, (S. K. Chang, Ed.), Plenum Publishing Co., 1984, 291-308.

*B28. "Imprecise Database, Imprecise Queries and View Navigation", Information Science and Engineering Journal, Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, Republic of China, Vol. 1 No. 1, June 1985, 21-43. (with $H. Dreizen)

*B29. "A Computerized Abacus for Office Automation and Computer-Aided Instruction", International Journal of Computer Processing of Chinese & Oriental Languages, published by Chinese Language Computer Society, Vol. 1, No. 3, May 1984, 205-210. (with Dexin Zhang and J. Stigler)

B30. "CIMS - A CAD/CAM Integration for the Automatic Assembly Factory", Proceedings of International Computer Symposium, Taipei, Taiwan, Dec. 12-14, 1984, 400-403. (with $J. C. Dorng)

*B31. "A Methodology for Deterministic Chinese Parsing", International Journal of Computer Processing of Chinese and Oriental Languages, Vol. 2, No. 3, May 1986, 139-161(with $Jingye Zhou)

*B32. "Imprecise Database Schema: A Rationale for Relations with Embedded Subrelations", ACM Transactions on Database Systems, Vol. 14, No. 4, December 1989, 447-479. (with $H. M. Dreizen)

B33. "On a Theory of Information Exchange", Progress in Cybernetics and Systems Research, Vol. IX, (Trappl/ Pask/ Ricciardi, eds.), Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, Washington, D.C., 1981, 313-323.

B34. "A Methodology for Distributed Knowledge-Based Information System Design", Proceedings of IEEE Workshop on Languages for Automation, Singapore, Aug. 27-29, 1986, 38-44. (with C. S. Ho, C. Y. Hsieh and L. Leung)

B35. "A Methodology for Rule-Base Integrity Subsystem Design", Proceedings of National Computer Conference, Chicago, June 15-18 1986. (with $G. Stefanek)

*B36. "Protocol Analysis for Information Exchange", International Journal of Policy Analysis and Information Systems, Vol. 6, No. 1, March 1982, 1-23.

*B37. "Transformation and Verification of Office Procedures", IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, August 1985, 724-734. (with W. L. Chan)

B38. "Message Filters for an Office Information System", Proceedings of National Communications Forum NCF/83, Oak Brook, Illinois, October 24-26, 1983, 468-472. (with Florence Montenoise)

*B39. "Message Management in Office Information Systems", in Languages for Automation, (S. Chang, Ed.), Plenum Pub. Co., New York, November 1985, 297-322. (with P. Chan, T. D. Donnadieu, L. Leung and F. Montenoise)

*B40. "A Knowledge-Based Message Management System", ACM Transactions on Office Information Systems, Vol. 5, No. 3, July 1987, 213-236. (with L. Leung)

*B41. "N-Agent Protocol Analysis and Synthesis", International Journal of Policy and Information, Vol. 11, No. 1, June 1987. (with $J. Kalev)

B42. "Knowledge Table as a Unified Knowledge Representation for Office Information System Design", Office Knowledge Engineering, Newsletter of IEEE TC on Office Automation, Vol. 3, No. 1, February 1989, 12-25. (with C. S. Ho)

B43. "A Preliminary Framework for a Cooperative Text Composer", Proceedings of 1987 International Conf on Chinese & Oriental Language Computing, Chicago, June 14-16, 1987. (with $H. B. Low et. al.)

B44. "Assignment of Objects in a Dual Processor System with Limited Objects", The 9th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems, 1988. (with H. L. Chen)

*B45. "A G-Net Model for Knowledge Representation and Reasoning", IEEE Trans. on Knowledge and Data Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 3, September 1990, 295-310. (with $Y. Deng)

B46. "An Internal Protocol Assistant for Distributed Systems", Proc. of SPIE Applications of AI IX, Orlando, Florida, April 1-5, 1991. (with $F. Y. Leu, C. C. Yang)

B47. "Semantic Query Processing in Multidatabase Systems: A Logic-Based Approach", Proceedings of 3rd IEEE Workshop on Future Trends in Distributed Computing Systems, April 14-16, 1992, Taipei, 318-324; to appear in International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, March 1993. (with $M. J. Pan, C. C. Yang)

*B48. "Multi-Level Specification and Protocol Design for Distributed Multimedia Communication", International Journal in Computer Simulation, Special Issue on Simulation of Communication Systems, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1993, 355-382. (with $T. F. Znati, Y. Deng, B. Field)

*B49. "A Framework for the Modeling and Prototyping of Distributed Information Systems", International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 3, September 1991, 203-226. (with $Y. Deng)

B50. " A Visual Specification Model for Distributed Information Systems ", Proc. of 4th International Conf. on Computing and Information, Toronto, Canada, May 28-30, 1992, 297-300. (with $C. T. Liu)

B51. "Unifying Multi-Paradigms in Software System Design", Proc. of 4th International Conf. on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Capri, Italy, June 16-19, 1992, 386-393. (with $Y. Deng)

B52. "A Simulator for Distributed Systems using G-Nets", Proceedings of Pittsburgh Simulation Conference, April 30 - May 1, 1992, 2705-2714. (with $T. C. Chen and Y. Deng)

*B53. "Executable Specification and Analysis for the Design of Concurrent Object-Oriented Systems", International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 4, December 1994, 427-450. (with $Y. Deng and X. L. Lin)

*B54. "Embedding Fault-Tolerant Properties in the Design of Complex Software Systems", Journal of Systems and Software, 1994, Vol. 25, 23-27. ($A. Perkusich and J. C. A. de Figueiredo)

*B55. "Integrating Software Engineering Methods and Petri Nets for the Specification and Prototyping of Complex Information Systems", Proceedings of 14th International Conf on Application and Theory of Petri Nets, Chicago, June 21-25, (M. Marsan, Ed.), Springer-Verlag, 1993, 206-223. ($Y. Deng, A. Perkusich and J. C. A. de Figueiredo)

*B56. "Fuzzy Time Petri Nets for Timing Analysis of Real-Time Software Systems", Prof of 1994 International Conf. on Software Eng. and Knowledge Eng., Latvia, June 21-23, 1994, 257-266. ($J. C. A. de Figueiredo and A. Perkusich)

B57. "An Overview of the PIVOT Environment for Program Restructuring", Proc. of 1994 International Computer Symposium ICS'94, Hsin-Chu, Taiwan, December 1994, 671-676. ($C. R. Dow, M. L. Soffa)

B58. "An Entity-Relationship Approach to Schema Evolution", Proc. of 5th International Conf. on Computing and Information, ICCI'93, May 27-29, 1993, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada, 575-578. ($C. T. Liu and P. Chrysanthis)

B59. "The Design of Real-Time Distributed Information Systems with Object-Oriented and Fault-Tolerant Characteristics", Proc. of 5th International Conf. on Software Eng. and Knowledge Eng., San Francisco, June 16-18 1993, 36-45. (A. Perkusich, J. de Figueiredo, B. Yu and M. Ehrenberger)

B60. "Programs as Databases: Treating Code and Comments as First Class Objects", Proc. of 5th International Conf. on Software Eng. and Knowledge Eng., San Francisco, June 16-18, 1993, 78-85. ($A. Massari, G. Costagliola, P. Chrysanthis)

*B61. "Modeling Users in an Adaptive Visual Interface for Database Systems", Journal of Visual Languages and Computing, Vol. 4, No. 2, June 1993, 143-159. (M. F. Costabile and S. Levialdi)

*B62. "Schema Evolution through Changes to ER Diagrams", Journal of Information Science and Engineering, Special Issue on Advanced Database Systems, Vol. 9, No. 4, Dec. 1993, 657-683. ($C. T. Liu and P. K. Chrysanthis)

*B63. "Towards a Theory of Active Index", Journal of Visual Languages and Computing, Vol. 6, No. 1, March 1995, 101-118.

B64. "Database Schema Evolution using EVER Diagrams", Proc. of AVI Advanced Visual Interface Workshop, ACM Press, New York, June 1-4, 1994, Bari, Italy, 123-132. ($C. T. Liu, S. K. Chang, P. K. Chrysanthis)

B65. "Reality Bites - Progressive Querying and Result Visualization in Logical and Visual Spaces", 1994 IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages, St. Louis, October 4-7, 1994, 100-109. (with M. F. Costabile and S. Levialdi)

B66. "The Transformation from Multimedia Data Schema to Multimedia Communications Schema in Distributed Multimedia Systems", Proc. of Pacific Workshop on Distributed Multimedia Systems DMS'94, Feb 26, 1994, 1-13. ($C. C. Lin, C. S. Kao, W. C. Shang and S. K. Chang)

B67. "Smart Objects for Dependable Real-Time Systems", Proc. of WORDS'94 International Workshop on Object-Oriented Real-Time Dependable Systems, Dana Point, California October 24-25 1994. (Y. J. Chen and D. Mosse')

B68. "Database Schema Evolution through the Specification and Maintenance of Changes on Entities and Relationships", Proc. of the Thirteenth International Conf. on the Entity-Relationship Approach, P. Loucopoulos (Ed.), Springer-Verlag, 132-151, December 1994. ($C. T. Liu, P. K. Chrysanthis, S. K. Chang)

*B69. "Transformation and Exchange of Multimedia Objects in Distributed Multimedia Systems", ACM Journal of Multimedia Systems, Springer Verlag, Volume 4, Issue 1, 1996, 12-29. ($C. C. Lin and J. X. Xiang)

B70. "Visual Interface to Multimedia Databases", in Handbook of Multimedia Information Systems, (W. I. Grosky, R. Jain and R. Mehrotra, eds.), Prentice Hall, 1997, 167-187. (with M. F. Costabile)

*B71. "Active Index for Content-Based Medical Image Retrieval", Journal of Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics, Special Issue on Medical Image Databases (S. Wong and H. K. Huang, eds.), Elsevier Science Ltd., Vol. 20, No. 4, 1996, 219-229.

B72. "Virtual Reality as an Aid to Visual Querying", Proc. Conference SEBD'95, Ravello (SA), Italy, 28-30 June 1995, 225-244. (with M. F. Costabile and S. Levialdi)

*B73. "A Framework for Modeling Dependable Real-Time Distributed Systems", International Journal of Systems Science, Vol. 28, No. 11, 1025-1043, 1997. (with D. Mosse' and James Y. C. Chen)

B74. "A Prototype Spatial-Temporal Reasoning System for Emergency Management", Proc. of International Conference on Visual Information Systems VISUAL96, February 5-7, 1996, Melbourne, Australia, 469-478. (with $Y. Khalifa and L. Comfort)

*B75. "Temporal Modeling and Inter-Media Synchronization for Presentation of Multimedia Streams", in /fIMultimedia Information Storage and Management (ed. Soon M. Chung), Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1996, 373-398. (with $H. J. Chang)

B76. "A Smart WWW Page Model and its Application to On-Line Information Retrieval in Hyperspace", Proc. of Pacific Workshop on Distributed Multimedia Systems, DMS'96, Hong Kong, June 27-28, 1996, 220-227. (with $P. W. Chen, G. Barry)

*B77. "Knowledge-Based Multimedia Information Retrieval in Hyperspace", Telematics and Informatics, Vol. 14, No. 1, 1997, 27-50. (with $P. W. Chen)

*B78. "Object-Oriented Design, Modular Analysis and Fault-Tolerance of Real-Time Control Software Systems", Int'l Journal of Software Eng. & Knowledge Eng., Vol. 6, No. 3, September 1996, 447-476. (with $A. Perkusich, M. L. B. Perkusich, S. K. Chang)

B79. "An Object-Based Model for Dependable Real-Time Distributed Systems", Proc. of WORDS'96 International Workshop on Object-Oriented Real-Time Dependable Systems, Laguna Beach, California, February 1-2, 1996, 192-200. ($Y. J. Chen and D. Mosse')

B80. "Visual Abstraction in the Visual Design Process", Proc. of SEKE'97, Madrid, Spain, June 18-20, 1997, 332-340. (with W. Hua and C. W. Yoo)

B81. "A Prototype Web-At-a-Glance System for Intelligent Information Retrieval", Proc. of SEKE'97, Madrid, Spain, June 18-20, 1997, 440-449. (with T.Catarci, L. B. Dong, G.Santucci)

*B82. "An Active Multimedia Information System for Information Retrieval, Discovery and Fusion", IJSEKE, March 1998, Vol. 8, No. 1, 139-160. (with D. Graupe, K. Hasegawa and H. Kordylewski)

*B83. "A Multimedia Micro-University", IEEE Multimedia Magazine, Vol. 5, No. 3, July-September 1998, 60-68. (with E. Hassanein, C. Y. Hsieh)

B84. "An Integrated Framework to Support Dynamic Adaptation for Multimedia Applications", Proc. of CATA98, 1998. (with C. Lin and T. Znati)#

*B85. "An Active Medical Information System using Active Index and Artificial Neural Network", in Advances in Medical Image Databases, (S. Wong, ed.), Kluwer, 1998, 225-249. (with D. Graupe, K. Hasegawa and H. Kordylewski)

B86. "An Adaptive Multi-Level Diagnostic System for Multimedia Information Fusion", 1998 International Workshop on Distributed Multimedia Systems, Taipei, Taiwan, July 23-25, 1998, 17-24. (with $W. Liang and J. Han)

B87. "Fusion of Multimedia Information", Keynote, Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Multimedia Data Base Management Systems (IW-MMDBMS'98), Aug 5-7, 1998, Dayton, Ohio, 2-9. (with T. Znati)

*B88. "A Light-Weight Web-At-a-Glance System for Intelligent Information Retrieval", Journal of Knowledge-Based Systems, Elsevier, Vol. 11, 115-124, 1998. ($T. Catarci, W. Liu and G. Santucci)

B89. "A Web Document Development Paradigm and its Supporting Environment", Proc. of Sixth International Conference on Distributed Multimedia Systems (DMS'99), July 26-30, 1999, University of Aizu, Japan. ($T. Shih, P. Shih and S. K. Chang)#

B90. "Naming Service in the Distributed Object Environment for Adlets", Proc. of 1999 IEEE Workshop on Object-oriented Real-time Distributed Systems (WORDS), Deytona Beach, CA., Jan 1999. ($H. Gharib and P. W. Chen)#

B91. "Prespectives in Multimedia Software Engineering", Proc. of 1999 IEEE Conference on Multimedia Computing and Systems, Florence, Italy, June 1999.#

B92. "Formal Specification and Prototyping of Multimedia Applications", Proceedings of Int'l Conferenceon Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Kaiserslautern, Germany, June 16-19, 1999, 44-51. (with $T. Arndt and A. Guercio)

B93. "Adlets Migration and Handling in a Distributed Object Environment", Prof. of 3rd IEEE International Symposium on Object-Oriented Real-Time Distributed Computing, March 15-17, 2000, Newport Beach, California. (with $H. Gharib, P. Chen and Y. Kawata)#

B94. "Managing Combination Products with Adlet in E-Commerce", Prof. of IAT99 Workshop on Agents in Electronic Commerce, Hong Kong, Dec. 14, 1999. (with $Y. Kawata, W. Chen and H. Gharib)#

B95. "An Approach for the Design and Simulation of Information Retrieval Protocols", Proc. of Int'l Workshop on Distributed System Validation and Verification (DSVV'2000), Taipei, April 2000 ($P. W. Chen, Y. Kawata, H. Gharib and S. K. Chang)#

*B96. "Adlet: An Active Document Abstraction for Multimedia Information Fusion", IEEE Trans. on Knowledge and Data Engineering, January/February 2001, 112-123. (with T. Znati)

*B97. "An Itinerary-Diagram-based Approach for Mobile Agent Application Development", Tamkang Journal of Science and Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 3, 209-227, November 2000 (with $P. W. Chen)

B98. "Towards a Theory of Normalization for Multimedia Databases", Proceedings of 2001 IEEE Symposium on Human Centric Computing HCC01, Stresa, Italy, September 5-7, 2001, pp. 406-407. (with $G. Polese)

B99. "MAWC Operations for the Growing Book", Proc. of Seventh Int'l Conf. on Distributed Multimedia Systems, Sept 26-28, 2001, Taipei, Taiwan, 1-10. (with M. J. Chen, L. Y. Deng and Y. J. Liu)

B100. "Management of the Growing Book as Generalized Objects", Proc. of 15th Int'l Conf. on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, July 1-3, 2003, San Francisco, 599-606. (with $S. Y. Shao)

B101. "Normalizing Multimedia Databases", Encyclopedia of Database Technologies and Applications, 2004, 408-412. (with V. Deufemia and G. Polese)

B102. "A Chronobot for Time and Knowledge Exchange", Int'l Journal of Distance Education Technologies, Vol. 3, No. 3, July-Sept. 2005, 3-17.

B103. "Chronobot: A Time and Knowledge Exchange System for E-Learning and Distance Education", Proceedings of 2004 Distributed Multimedia Conference, September 8-10, 2004, 443-450. (with G. Santhanakrishnan)

B104. "A Chronobot for Time and Knowledge Exchange in E-Learning", Journal of Distance Education Technologies JDET, Vol. 3, No. 3, July-Sept. 2005, 3-17.

B105. "The Design and Prototyping of the Chronobot System for Time and Knowledge Exchange", Journal of Distance Education Technologies JDET, Vol. 3, No. 3, July-Sept. 2005, 18-33. (with A. Kapoor, G. Santhanakrishnan and C. Vaidya)

B106. "An XML-based Approach to Multimedia Software Engineering for Distance Learning", Journal of Distance Education Technologies, 1(1), 21-45, Jan-Mar 2003. (with $T. Arndt, A. Guercio and P. Maresca)

B107. "The Design and Implementation of the Chronobot/Virtual Classroom (CVC) System", Proceedings of 2006 International Conference on Distributed Multimedia Systems (DMS06), Grand Canyon, USA, Aug 30-Sept 1, 2006. (with Xin Li, Ricardo Villamarin, Dan Lyker, Chris Bryant)

B108. "Application of Active Index to the Management of E-Learning", Rivista della societ` italiana di e-learning Rivista Si-el, vol. 3, n. 2, 2006, Novembre 2006, pp. 331-341. (with $P. Maresca and M. Pesce)

B109. Shi-Kuo Chang and Erland Jungert, "A Self-Organizing Approach to Mission Initiation and Control in Emergency/Crisis Management", Proc. of Int'l Conf. on Distributed Multimedia Systems, Sept. 6-8, 2007, San Francisco.

*B110. "A Normalization Framework for Multimedia Databases", IEEE Trans. on Knowledge and Data Engineering, Vol. 19, No. 12, December 2007, 1666-1679. (with V. Deufemai, G. Polese and M. Vacca)

B111. "Transformations for Rapid Prototyping of Time-critical Applications", Proceedings of 2008 International Conference on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering (SEKE2008), Redwood City, USA, July 1-3, 2008. (with Zhoulan Zhang, Colin J. Ihrig, Paolo Maresca, Valentina Ternelli)

B112. "A Multimedia Data Streams Model for Content-Based Information Retrieval", Proceedings of 2008 International Conference on Distributed Multimedia Systems (DMS2008), Boston, USA, Sept. 4-6, 2008, 232-239. (with Shenoda Guirguis, Rohit Kulkarni)

*B113. "A Computation-Oriented Multimedia Data Streams Model for Content-Based Information Retrieval", Journal of Multimedia Tools and Applications, Volume 46, Issue 2 (2010), pp. 399-423. (with Lei Zhao, Shenoda Guirguis, Rohit Kulkarni)

B114. "Normal Forms for Multimedia Databases", in the book, Intelligent Multimedia Databases and Information Retrieval: Advancing Applications and Technologies, IGI, 2010. (with Vincenzo Deufemia, Giuseppe Polese)

B115. "A General Framework for Slow Intelligence Systems", International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Volume 20, Number 1, February 2010, 1-16.

B116. "An Ontology-based Configurator for Customized Product Information based upon the Slow Intelligence Systems Approach", Proc. of SEKE2010 Conference, San Francisco Bay, California, July 1-3, 2010. (with $Emilio Zegarra, Francesco Colace, Massimo De Santo)

B117. Shi-Kuo Chang, Yingze Wang and Yao Sun, "Visual Specification of Component-based Slow Intelligence Systems", Proceedings of 2011 International Conference on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Miami, USA, July 7-9, 2011, 1-8.

B118. Shi-Kuo Chang, Yao Sun, Yingze Wang, Chia-Chun Shih and Ting-Chun Peng, "Design of Component-based Slow Intelligence Systems and Application to Social Influence Analysis", Proceedings of 2011 International Conference on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Miami, USA, July 7-9, 2011, 9-16.

B119. Ji Eun Kim, Yang Hu, Shi-Kuo Chang, Chia-Chun Shih and Ting-Chun Peng, "Design and Modeling of Topic/Trend Detection System By Applying Slow Intelligence System Principles", Proc. of DMS2011 Conference, Florence, Italy, Aug. 18-20, 2011, 3-9.

B120. Yingze Wang and Shi-Kuo Chang, "High Dimensional Feature Selection via a Slow Intelligence Approach", Proc. of DMS2011 Conference, Florence, Italy, Aug. 18-20, 2011, 10-15.

B121. Shi-Kuo Chang, Francesco Colace, Massimo De Santo, Emilio Zegarra, YongJun Qie, "MAMA: A Novel Approach to Ontology Mapping", Proc. of DMS2011 Conference, Florence, Italy, Aug. 18-20, 2011, 28-35.

B122. S. K. Chang, F. Colace, L. Zhao and Y. Sun, "Processing Continuous Queries on Sensor-based Multimedia Data Streams by Multimedia Dependency Analysis and Ontological Filtering", Int'l Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Vol. 21, No. 8, December 2011, 1169-1208.

B123. "An Approach for Software Component Reusing based on Ontological Mapping", Proc. of SEKE2012 Conference, San Francisco Bay, California, July 1-3, 2012. (with Francesco Colace, Emilio Zegarra, Massimo De Santo, YongJun Qie)

B124. "Sparse Linear Influence Model for Hot User Selection on Mining a Social Network", Proc. of SEKE2012 Conference, San Francisco Bay, California, July 1-3, 2012. (with $YingZe Wang, Guang Xiang)

B125. "Component-based Slow Intelligence System", in Journal of Internet Technology http://jit.niu.edu.tw, 2012. (with YingZe Wang, Yao Sun)

B126. "Sparse Multi-task Learning for Detecting Influential Nodes in an Implicit Diffusion Network", in Twenty-Seventh AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-13), July 14-18, 2013, Bellevue, Washington, USA. (with $YingZe WEang and Guang Xiang)

B127. "In Search of Sentiments with Latent Dirichlet Allocation and Mixed Graph of Terms", submitted to IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, 2013. (with $Francesco Colace, Massimo De Santo, Luca Greco and Shi-Kuo Chang)

B128. "Applications of Slow Intelligence Frameworks for Energy-Saving Control", Proceedings of 2014 International Conference on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering (SEKE 2014), Vancouver, Canada, July 1-3, 2014. (with $W. H. Chen)

B129. Shi-Kuo Chang, Sen-Hua Chang, Jun-Hui Chen, Xiao-Yu Ge, Nikolaos Katsipoulakis, Daniel Petrov and Anatoli Shein, "A Slow Intelligence System Test Bed Enhanced with Super-Components", International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Vol. 25, Nos. 9 & 10 (2015) 1443-1466, World Scientific Pub. Co., DOI 10.1142/S0218194015400276.

B130. Francesco Colace, Luca Greco, Saverio Lemma, Marco Lombardi, Duncan Yung and Shi Kuo Chang, "An Adaptive Contextual Recommender System: a Slow Intelligence Perspective", Proceedings of 2015 International Conference on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering (SEKE2015), Pittsburgh, USA, July 6-8, 2015, 64-71.

B131. Erland Jungert and Shi-Kuo Chang, "Surveillance System with SIS Controller for Incident Handling using a Situation-based Recommendations Handbook", Journal of Visual Languages and Computing, Vol. 31, 2015, 160-170, DOI 10.1016/j.jvlc.2015.10.005 Elsevier.

B132. Shi-Kuo Chang, JunHui Chen, Wei Gao and Qui Zhang, "TDR System - A Multi-Level Slow Intelligence System for Personal Health Care", Proceedings of 2016 International Conference on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering (SEKE2016), Hotel Sofitel, Redwood City, San Francisco Bay, California, USA, July 1-3, 2016, 183-190.

B133. Ying Jie Tang, Hao Ran Zhang, Zhi Jian Liang and Shi-Kuo Chang, "Social Network Models for the TDR System", Proceedings of The 22nd International Conference on Distributed Multimedia Systems (DMS2016), Grand Hotel Salerno, Italy, Nov 25-26, 119-128.

B134. Duncan Yung and Shi-Kuo Chang, "Fast Reachability Computation on Big Attributed Graphs", Third Int'l Workshop on High Performance Big Graph Data Management, Analysis, and Mining (BigGraphs 2016), to be held in conjunction with 2016 IEEE Int'l Conf. on Big Data, Washington, D.C., Dec 3-10, 2016, 3370-3380.

B135. Duncan Yung and Shi-Kuo Chang, "Answering How-to-Reach Query in Big Attributed Graph Databases", 2017 IEEE International Conference on Big Data Service, San Fransico, CA, USA, 2017.

B136. Shi-Kuo Chang, Wei Guo, Duncan Yung, ZiNan Zhang, HaoRan Zhang and WenBin You, "A Mobile TDR System for Smart Phones", Proc. of 2017 DMSVLSS Conference, 75-85.

B137. Shi-Kuo Chang, JinPeing Zhou, Akhil Yendluri and Kadie Clancy, "Software Process Selection based upon Abstract Machines for Slow Intelligence Systems", Proceedings of 2018 SEKE Conference, Hotel Pullman, Redwood City, San Francisco Bay, July 1-3, 2018, 622-628.

(137 Papers)

C. Algorithms and Theory of Computation

*C1. "Algorithmic Solution of the Change-Making Problem", Journal of the ACM, Vol. 17, No. 1, January 1970, 113-122. (with A. Gill)

*C2. "Algorithm 397: An Integer Programming Problem", Journal of the ACM, Vol. 13, No. 10, October 1970, 620-621. (with A. Gill)

*C3. "Fuzzy Programs - Theory and Applications", Proceedings of the Symposium on Computers and Automata, Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn, Vol. 21, April 1971, 147-164.

*C4. "On the Execution of Fuzzy Programs Using Finite-State Machines", IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol. C-21, No. 3, March 1972, 241-253.

*C5. "The Design of Network Configuration with Linear or Piecewise Linear Cost Functions", Proceedings of the Symposium on Computer- Communications Networks and Teletraffic, Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn, Vol. 22, April 1972, 363-369.

*C6. "The Generation of Minimal Trees with a Steiner Topology", Journal of the ACM, Vol. 19, No. 4, October 1972, 699-711.
(Selected for reprinting in the volume, Advances in Discrete Mathematics and Computer Science, Vol. IV-V: Steiner Minimal Trees, Edited by F. K. Hwang and D. Richards, Hadronic Press, Nonantum, Massachusetts, 1990)


C7. "Structured Programming and Automatic Theorem Proving", Proceedings of the Conference on Very High Level Languages, Santa Monica, California, 1974, 60-70. (with $R.C.T.Lee)

C8. "Processor Allocation in a Distributed Computer System", Proceedings of the IEEE Symposium on Computer Networks, Gaithersburg, Maryland, June 18-20, 1975. (with D. T. Tang)

*C9. "A Model For Distributed Computer System Design", IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Vol. SMC-6, No. 5, May 1976, 344-359.

*C10. "A General Packing Algorithm for Multidimensional Resource Requirements", International Journal of Computer and Information Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1977, 131-149. (with $K. Maruyama and D. T. Tang)

*C11. "On Minimum Feed-Back Arc Set of a Directed Graph", International Journal of Policy and Information, Vol. 4, No. 2, December 1980, 1-20. (with $Y. Wang)

C12. "Arithmetic Operations on Level Sets of Convex Fuzzy Numbers", Proceedings of IFAC Symposium on Fuzzy Information, Knowledge Representation, and Decision Analysis, Marseille, France, 19-21 July, 1983, 405-408. (with $W. K. Chang and Louis R. Chow)

C13. "Allocation of On-Demand Video Servers under Standard Network Topologies", Proc. of Pacific Workshop on Distributed Multimedia Systems DMS'95, Honolulu, March 31-April 2, 1995, 52-59. (with $J. Miyao)

(13 Papers)


2. BOOKS (16 books including 11 edited and 5 authored books)

TB1. Intelligent Database Systems, Tamkang University Press, 1978.

TB2. Pictorial Information Systems, Springer-Verlag, 1980 (Co-edited with K. S. Fu).

TB3. Fuzzy Sets: Theory and Applications to Policy Analysis and Information Systems, Plenum Publishing Corporation, 1980 (Co-edited with $Paul P. Wang).

TB4. Management and Office Information Systems, (ed.), Plenum Publishing Corporation, 1984.

TB5. Languages for Automation, (ed.), Plenum Publishing Corporation, November 1985.

TB6. Visual Languages, Plenum Publishing Corporation, 1986 (co-edited with T. Ichikawa and P. Ligomenides).

TB7. Principles of Pictorial Information System Design, Prentice-Hall, 1989. (Chinese translation published by Science Publishers, Beijing, China in 1990) (Sistemi Informativi Pittorici: Principi e progettazione, Italian translation published by Prentice-Hall, 1991) (Russian translation published in 1992)

TB8. Principles of Visual Programming Systems, (ed.), Prentice-Hall, 1990.

TB9. Visual Languages and Visual Programming, (ed.), Plenum Publishing Corporation, 1990.

TB10. Symbolic Projection for Image Information Retrieval and Spatial Reasoning, Academic Press, London, 1996 (with E. Jungert).

TB11. Intelligent Image Database Systems, (co-edited with E. Jungert and G. Tortora), World Scientific Press, 1996.

TB12. Content-Based Multimedia Information Access, (co-authored by B. Perry, A. Rosenfeld, et al.), Kluwer Press, 1999.

TB13. Distributed Multimedia Systems, (with S. Vuong and T. Znati, eds.), World Scientific Press, 1999.

TB14. Multimedia Software Engineering, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000.

TB15. Handbook of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Volume I, World Scientific Publishers, 2001.

TB16. Handbook of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Volume II, World Scientific Publishers, 2002.

3. CHAPTERS IN BOOKS

CB1. "Design and Modeling of Distributed Information Systems", Chapter 3 in Advances in Information Systems Sciences, edited by Julius Tou, Vol. 7, 1978, 157-231. (with C. N. Liu)

CB2. Pictorial Information Systems, (ed.), IEEE Computer Magazine, November 1981.

CB3. "Specification and Prototyping of Distributed Multimedia Systems", a chapter in ENCYCLOPEDIA OF MICROCOMPUTERS, Volume 16, A. Kent and J. G. Williams (eds.), Marcel Dekker, New York, 1995, 283-300.

CB4. "Visual Languages", a chapter in WILEY ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING, (J. G. Webster, Ed.), John Wiley and Sons, Vol. 23, 1999, 265-275.

CB5. "Query Languages for Multimedia", a chapter in PRINCIPLES OF VISUAL INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, Michael Lew (ed.), Springer Verlag, London, 2000.

4. LITERARY PUBLICATIONS (38 novels, collections of short stories or essays)

L1. Philosophy of Jean Paul Sartre, Translation from Wilfrid Desan, The Tragic Finale:An Essay on the Philosophy of Jean Paul Sartre, August 1963, Double-blade Publishing Company.

L2. Reverend Pi, Novel, December 1963, Crown Publishing Company; new edition by Hung-Fan Publishing Company, 1978.

L3. Earth, Collection of Short Stories, September 1970, Chun-Wen-Shui Publishing Company.

L4. Adam's Navel, Collection of Essays, Plays, and Short Stories, January 1971, Yun-Tien Publishing Company; new edition by Hung-Fan Publishing Company under the title, Death of Confucius, 1978.

L5. Let The Future Wait, Collection of Essays, March 1975, Literary Review Publishing Company; new edition by Hung-Fan Publishing Company, February 1984.

L6. The Chess King, Novel, August, 1975, Hung-Fan Publishing Company; and 1983, Kwang-Si People's Pub. Co., China. English version published by ASIAPAC Books Ltd, Singapore, 1986.

L7. Forest of Merriness, Collection of Essays, March 1976, Little Grass Publishing Company.

L8. Banana Boat, (Part I of The Drifting Soul), Collection of Six Short Stories, August 1976, Hung-Fan Publishing Company.

L9. Journey to Sky City, Collection of Essays, August 1977, Hung-Fan Publishing Company.

L10. Anger of Yesterday, Novel, April 1978, Hung-Fan Publishing Company.

L11. Death of the Sea, Translation of Collection of Science Fiction Short Stories, October 1978, Chun-Wen-Shui Publishing Company.

L12. Water of Yellow River, Novel, October 1979, Hung-Fan Publishing Company.

L13. The Star Cloud Suite, Science Fiction Short Stories, October 1980, Hung-Fan Publishing Company.

L14. Five Jade Discs, Science Fiction Novel (First Volume of the CITY series), January 1983, Knowledge Systems Publishing Company.

L15. The Immortals, (Part II of The Drifting Soul), Collection of Six Short Stories, July 1983, Hung-Fan Publishing Company.

L16. Heroes Have No Tears, Collection of Essays, February 1984, Hung-Fan Publishing Company.

L17. The Serenade, Collection of Science Fiction Short Stories, January 1985, Knowledge Systems Publishing Company; and September 1984, Publications (Holdings) Limited, Hong Kong.

L18. Defenders of the Dragon City, Science Fiction Novel (Second Volume of the CITY Series), August 1986, Knowledge Systems Publishing Company.

L19. Rubber Soul, Collection of Essays, February 1987, Hung-Fan Publishing Company.

L20. Tales of Male Chauvinist Pigs, Collection of Short Stories, December 1988, Hung-Fan Publishing Company.

L21. Man's Handkerchief, Collection of Essays, June 1990, Hung-Fan Publishing Company.

L22. Tale of a Feather, Science Fiction Novel (Third Volume of the CITY Series), August 1991, Knowledge Systems Publishing Company.

L23. To Catch a Spy, Novel (Co-authored with Ping Lu), June 1992, Hung-Fan Publishing Company.

L24. The Golden Gown, Collection of Science Fiction Short Stories, November 1994, Knowledge Systems Publishing Company.

L25. Rebel against Oneself, Collection of Essays, March 1998, Tian-Shia Publishing Company.

L26. Glassworld, Collection of Science Fiction Short Stories, March 1999, Hung-Fan Publishing Company.

L27. V-Topia, Collection of Essays, May 2001, Tian-Shia-Wen-Hua Publishing Company.

L28. E Book, (Eat) Collection of Short Stories, July 2002, Jiu Ge Publishing Company.

L29. W Book, (Web) Collection of Short Stories, July 2002, Jiu Ge Publishing Company.

L30. T Book, (Travel) Collection of Short Stories, July 2003, Jiu Ge Publishing Company.

L31. R Book, (Residence) Collection of Short Stories, January 2004, Jiu Ge Publishing Company.

L32. What do Women want? Collection of Essays, September 2006, Hung-Fan Publishing Company.

L33. What do Men want? Collection of Essays, September 2006, Hung-Fan Publishing Company.

L34. D Book, (Dress) Novel, D Book of the five books series, November 2007, Hung-Fan Publishing Company.

L35. Empires and Tiger, Political Essay, November 2008, Commonwealth Magazine Publishers.

L36. Everything Bagel, Collection of Essays, September 2010, Hung-Fan Publishing Company.

L37. The Superfluous World, Science Fiction Novel (First Volume of HAIMO TRILOGY), June 2012, Hung-Fan Publishing Company.

L38. The Sinking World, Science Fiction Novel (Second Volume of HAIMO TRILOGY), November 2015, Hung-Fan Publishing Company.

5. TRANSLATED LITERARY PUBLICATIONS (12 short stories and 2 novels)

T1. "Immolation", in The Chinese Pen, published by the Chinese Center of International PEN, Spring 1975, 35-38.

T2. "Flute", in The Chinese Pen, published by the Chinese Center of International PEN, Summer 1975, 55-77.

T3. "Earth", in Chinese Stories From Taiwan: 1960-1970, edited by Joseph S. M. Lau and Timothy A. Ross, Columbia University Press, New York, 1976, 145-193.

T4. "An Unofficial Biography of the Overman", translated by William Hennessey, University of Illinois at Urbana/Champaign, 1980.

T5. "Red Child", in the Chinese Pen, published by the Taipei Center of International PEN, 1981, 51-71, (Translated by Jane Parish Yang); Another translation appeared as: "Red Boy", in The Unbroken Chain: An Anthology of Taiwan Fiction Since 1926, Edited by Joseph S. M. Lau, published by Indiana University Press, 1983, 218-231.

T6. "Banana Boat", in Contemporary Chinese Fiction: Four Short Stories, (introduced and annotated for the student of Chinese), edited by Neal Robbins, Far Eastern Publications, Yale University, 1986.

T7. "The Flute" was translated into German by Kuo Heng-Yue, and published in the collection of Chinese short stories, Der Ewige Fluss, Chinesische Erzaehlungen aus Taiwan, published by Minerva Publikation, 1986.

T8. Chess King, translated by Ivan Zimmerman, Princeton University, 1981; published by ASIAPAC Books Ltd, Singapore, August 1986.

T9. "The Decision Maker", translated by Ching-Hsi Perng, published in Death in a Cornfield, (Ching-Hsi Perng and Chiu-Kuei Wang, eds.), Oxford University Press, 1994, 201-215.

T10. "The Scholar of Yanghsien", translated by Tzu-Yun Chen, published in Death in a Cornfield, (Ching-Hsi Perng and Chiu-Kuei Wang, eds.), Oxford University Press, 1994, 216-224.

T11. "The Amateur Cameraman", translated by Jeff Bent, published in Running Wild: New Chinese Writers, (Der-wei Wang and Jeanne Tai, eds.), Columbia University Press, 1994.

T12. "Love Bridge", Translated by Daniel J. Bauer, in The Chinese Pen, published by the Chinese Center of International PEN, 2001.

T13. "Returning", translated from Chinese by K. G. Koziol and L. Yeh.

T14. The City Trilogy, Columbia University Press, New York, 2003 ISBN 0-231-12852-5.

6. SAMPLE CRITICAL ESSAYS ON DR. CHANG'S SHORT STORIES AND NOVELS

Vivian Ling Hsu, "Universal Vision in Contemporary Taiwan Literature", Proceedings of AAS Conference, March 1981.

Joseph Lau, "Obsession with Taiwan: The Fiction of Chang Shi-Kuo", in Chinese Fiction From Taiwan: Critical Perspectives, Edited by Jeannette Faurot, Indiana University Press, 1980, 148-165.

Kin Yuen Wong, "Rhetoric, History and Interpretation in Chang Hsi-Kuo's Star-Cloud Suite", Presented at the Conference on Taiwan Fiction, Department of Oriental Languages and Literatures, University of Colorado at Boulder, Oct. 21 - Nov. 3, 1991.

Shu-chen Chiang, "The Meaning of Existence and the Historical Necessity: (Mis)reading Shi-Kuo Chang's Postmodernity" Shu-chen Chiang, Associate Professor, Graduate Institute for Social Research and Cultural Studies, National Chiao Tung University, Proceedings of the First National Conference on Science Fiction Literature, October 18, 2003.

Lee, Jyh-Arng, "Information Theory and Futuristic Speculation-The Scientific Backgrounds of SKC's City Trilogy", Lee, Jyh-Arng, Research Assistant, Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences, Academia Sinica, Proceedings of the First National Conference on Science Fiction Literature, October 18, 2003.

7. TEXTBOOK, MUSICAL PLAY, TV SERIES AND MOVIE BASED ON CHANG'S NOVEL

The novel, "Chess King", was officially adopted as a textbook for foreign students studying Chinese at the Stanford Center (Inter-University Program for Chinese Language Studies administered by Stanford University), Taipei, Taiwan. In 1982, the Pacific Cultural Foundation funded a project to prepare a glossary and a voice recording of the novel to serve as the foreign student's companion (study aid). In May 1987, a musical play based upon "Chess King" was staged in Taipei, Taiwan. It was the first musical play written in Chinese ever staged in China, with a total audience of over 50,000. In February 1988, a TV mini-series based upon the same novel was broadcast in Taipei. A motion picture was produced in Taiwan and Hong Kong in 1989. A German translation of the Chess King was published by Horlemann in October 1992. In 1992, Chess King was adopted as supplementary reading for middle school students in Hong Kong.