The Journal of Visual Languages & Computing (JVLC) is intended to be a forum for researchers, practitioners and developers to exchange ideas and research results, for the advancement of visual languages and visual computing. JVLC publishes research papers, state-of-the-art surveys, review articles, in the areas of visual languages, visual computing, visual programming, visual human-machine interface design, visual communication, multi-media communications, pictorial databases, pictorial information systems, information retrieval systems & algorithms, cognitive aspects of human-machine systems, biological vision systems and models, visualization of system design, visualization of computational processes, large-scale scientific computing, and parallel/distributed/neural computing & representations for visual information processing. Papers are also welcome to report on actual use, experience, transferred technologies in visual programming, visual computing, and advanced applications in geographic information systems, pictorial archiving and communication systems, library information systems, biomedical imagery, industrial automation, computer animation and computer-assisted visual arts. Book reviews and tool reviews, not to exceed four pages, can also be submitted to the book reviews editor and tools reviews editor, respectively.

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Submission of Manuscripts

Manuscripts may be submitted electronically, or in hard copies, to either Editor through our editorial office in London. Original papers only will be considered. Book reviews may be submitted to the book reviews editor, and tool reviews may be submitted to the tool reviews editor. Manuscripts are accepted for review with the understanding that the same work has not been and will not be nor is presently submitted elsewhere, and that its submission for publication has been approved by all of the authors and by the institution where the work was carried out; further, that any person cited as a course of personal communications has approved such citation. Written authorization may be required at the Editor's discretion. Articles and any other material published in JVLC represent the opinions of the author(s) and should not be construed to reflect the opinions of the Editor(s) and the Publisher.

Form of Manuscript

Four copies of the manuscript including the original (reproductions are acceptable if they are clearly legible) and copies of all figures are required. In addition, one reproducible set of figures (professionally drafted ink originals of line drawings; glossy prints of halftones will be required if the paper is accepted. Manuscripts should be typewritten, double-spaced on one side of 8.5 X 11 in white paper with 1 inch margins. Page 1 should contain the article title, author(s), and affiliation(s); and the name and complete mailing address of the person to whom correspondence should be sent. Any footnotes to the title (indicated by *, +, etc.) should be placed at the bottom of page 1. Page 2 should contain a short abstract (100-150 words).

List of Symbols

The manuscript should contain a list of all symbols used in the paper. They should be identified typographically for the printer, not mathematically. This list will not appear in print, but is essential to avoid costly corrections in proof.


Text footnotes should be avoided whenever possible. If they must be used, indicate them by superscript numbers in the text, and type them all double-spaced on a separate page.


Equations should be typewritten and with the number placed in parentheses at the right margin. Reference to the equations should use the form "Eq. (3)" or simply (3).


References should be indicated in the text by numbers in square brackets and listed at the end of the paper in numerical order; they should be typed double-spaced on a separate page. Style and punctuation of references must be in accordance with the following examples:

1. T. Y. Kong and A. W. Roscoe, Continuous analogs of axiomated digital surfaces. Comput. Vision Graphics Image Process 29, 1985, 60-86.

2. R. M. Haralick, edge and region analysis for digital image data in Image Modeling (A. Rosenfeld, Ed), pp. 171-184, Academic Press, New York, 1981.

3. R. A. Schowengerdt, Techniques for Image Processing and Classification in Remote Sensing, Academic Press, New York, 1983.

Reports should not be cited unless absolutely necessary. Tables should be umbered with Arabic numerals in order of appearance in the text. They should be typed double-spaced on separate pages. Each table should have a short descriptive caption. Table footnotes (indicated by superscript lower-case letters) should be typed at the end of the table. Figures should be numbered in order of appearance (with Arabic numerals) and should have short descriptive captions. Line drawings must be professionally drafted originals, in black ink, with lettering large enough to be legible after a reduction of 50-60%. Photographs must be glossy prints. No figures should exceed 8.5 x 11 inch in size; they should be designed to fit the proportions of the printed page. All figures should have captions typed double-spaced on a separate sheet. Illustrations in color can be accepted only if the authors defray the cost.

Review Form

The electronic review form can be used by reviewers to review papers submitted to JVLC.


Authors submitting a manuscript do so with the understanding that if it is accepted for publication, copyright in the article, including the right to reproduce the article in all forms and media shall be assigned exclusively to the publisher. The Publisher will not refuse any reasonable request by the author for permission to reproduce any of his or her contributions to the journal.

Elsevier now requires that all manuscripts submitted to its journals be accompanied by a signed copyright transfer agreement (html file). You will find the copyright transfer agreement (gif file) in the back of each issue of the journal and on the journal home page. The copyright transfer does not take effect until the manuscript is accepted.

Under the terms of the U.S. copyright law effective January 1, 1978, and the copyright laws of many other countries, journal publishers are required to obtain written confirmation from authors in order to acquire copyright rights for papers published in their journals. We are therefore asking you to sign and return the applicable section of the accompanying form. If you and your co-authors, if any, own rights in your paper as individuals, please sign Section A of the attached form. If you work for a corporation that owns the rights in the paper, please have an authorized officer of the corporation sign Section B. If the paper is in the public domain because you created it within the scope of your employment with the U.S. government or another government that does not claim any copyright or if the paper is subject to Crown copyright because you arc an employee of the British or Canadian government, please sign Section C. No manuscript will be processed until the appropriate form has been returned.

We ask your cooperation because it is of vital importance for the widest possible dissemination of your paper and the continued viability of our journal. We must have your written confirmation in order to authorize libraries and other information centers to use this material and to perform other appropriate publishing functions.

If your manuscript is not published within a reasonable period of time after acceptance, upon written request, Elsevier will promptly return the rights to the manuscript to the author(s).

IMPORTANT: Note that Elsevier may choose to publish an abstract or portions of the paper prior to publishing the paper in the journal. Please contact Elsevier immediately if you would like Elsevier to refrain from such prior publication for any reason, including disclosure of a patentable invention.

Check List for an Accepted Paper

Once a paper is accepted, the following items should be provided by the author(s):
  • Original manuscript and two copies
  • High quality original figures, each on a separate page
  • A separate page containing all figure captions
  • A separate page containing mathematical symbols used in the paper
  • A diskette contaning plain text file (or Latex or Word formatted file) and figures (in gif, jpg, or postscript format) used in the paper


    Proofs will be sent to the author, with a reprint order form. Authors will be charged for alterations in excess of 10% of the cost of composition.


    Fifty reprints without covers will be provided free of charge. Additional reprints may be purchased; an order form will be included with the proofs.

    Acceptance Ratio and Expected Turnaround Time

    The acceptance ratio for submitted papers is 38% for papers submitted in 1997-1998. The expected turnaround time is about eight to nine months, i.e., it takes about eight to nine months from the date of submission of paper to the date of acceptance decision.

    Citation Indexes

    Current Contents/Engineering; Computing and Technology; INSPEC; Research Alert; and the Science Citation Index.

    Send Manuscripts to:

    Journal of Visual Languages and Computing,
    c/o Academic Press Editorial Office 
    Block A2 
    Westbrook Centre 
    Milton Road 
    Cambridge, CB4 1YG, UK 
    Tel: +44 (0) 1223 446000 
    Fax: +44 (0) 1223 460236

    Send Electronic Manuscripts to:

    Authors interested in online submission are requested to go to the above website and upload their manuscript and its associated artwork. An electronic (PDF) proof is generated and the reviewing process is carried out using that PDF. The PDF file may be edited after acceptance to follow journal standards. Authors and editors send and receive all correspondence by email via the website and no paper correspondence is performed. Authors can also submit their ps or pdf file to the editorial office by e-mail.

    Send Correspondences to:


    Prof. Shi-Kuo Chang, Dept. of Computer Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, U.S.A. (Tel 412-624-8423, Fax 412-624-8423, E-mail

    Prof. Stefano Levialdi, Dept. di Matematica, Universita di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, 00185, Rome, Italy (Tel 39-6-4991-3250, Fax 4991-3249, E-mail

    Send Book Reviews or Books to be Reviewed to

    Dr Kang Zhang, Dept of Computer Science, Box 830688, MS EC31, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX 75083-0688, USA

    Send Tool Reviews to

    Prof. Tim Arndt, Dept. of CIS, Cleveland State University, 1983 East 24th Street, Cleveland, OH 44115, USA

    Call for Members of the Board of Reviewers

    We are looking for people to serve on the Board of Reviewers who will be acknowledged in the journal annually. Each reviewer receives at most three papers per year to review. If you are interested in serving as a reviewer, please send a list of keywords describing your area of interest and the URL of your Web site via e-mail to Professor Chang (


    The subscriptions department is based at: Harcourt Brace, Foots Cray High Street, Sidcup, Kent, DA14 5HP. The subscriptions department will deal with any such requests, their Fax No. is +44 (0) 081 309 0807 and their telephone No. is 081 300 3322. Credit card payment is accepted, or a pro forma invoice can be sent.

    Elsevier Author's Gateway for JVLC: