Software engineering can be regarded as the discipline for the systematic specification, design, substitution and verification of patterns.


In multimedia software engineering the patterns are almost always visual, or can be made highly visual, due to the very nature of multimedia. Visual notation can also help in detecting and/or discovering patterns.

Three types of patterns: (1) Syntactic patterns, (2) Semantic patterns, and (3) Pragmatic patterns.

In our approach syntatic patterns are specified by visual languages such as IC cards, semantic patterns are specified by active index, and pragmatic patterns are the programs implemented using software tools.